"Happy Birthday" to you Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.!!

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Today is Martin Luther King Jr. birthday, so many of the kiddos are out of school. The reason I say this, is because my school was never off on his b-day! It made me so mad, & I thought it was very disrespectful. Anyway, here’s some info, & some inspiring quotes of Martin Luther King Jr., one of the greatest guys, who did so much for so many!! He had such an impact on American history. This is quite long, but I ask you to please take the time to read. I especially love all his quotes! How inspiring!

Do you do anything special to celebrate Martin Luther King Jr. birthday?

 

The Life of Martin Luther King Jr.

-King was born Michael Luther King in Atlanta on Jan. 15, 1929 

-One of the three children of Martin Luther King Sr., pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church, and Alberta King, a former school teacher. (He was renamed “Martin” when he was about 6 years old.)

-After receiving his bachelor’s degree in 1948, King attended Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pa., where he won the Plafker Award for the outstanding student of the graduating class

-King completed the coursework for his doctorate in 1953, & granted his degree two years later

-Married, King returned South to become pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Ala.

-He made his first mark on the civil-rights movement, by mobilizing the black community during a 382-day boycott of the city’s bus lines. King went through a lot including arrest and other violent harassment, including the bombing of his home. Ultimately, the U.S. Supreme Court declared bus segregation unconstitutional.

-King gathered a number of black leaders in 1957 and laid the groundwork for the organization now known as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). King elected president of SCLC, soon began helping other communities organize their own protests against discrimination.

1960 became co-pastor, with his father, of Ebenezer Baptist Church.

1963 King’s nonviolent tactics were put to their most severe test in Birmingham, during a mass protest for fair hiring practices & desegregation of department-store facilities. Police were brutal against the marchers, & it really showed the plight of blacks to the nation at large, with enormous impact. King was arrested, but his voice was not silenced: He wrote “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”

-Later on in 1963, King was a principal speaker at the historic March on Washington, he delivered one of the most passionate speech of his career. Time magazine named him as their Person of the Year for 1963. A few months later he was named recipient of the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize

Selma, Ala., he led a voter-registration campaign that ended in the Selma-to-Montgomery Freedom March.

-In the North, King soon discovered that young and angry blacks cared little for his preaching and even less for his pleas for peaceful protest. This was one of the reasons he rallied behind a new cause: the war in Vietnam.

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) saw King’s work as “a serious tactical mistake” the Urban League warned that the “limited resources” of the civil-rights movement would be spread too thin.

-King’s timing was just right, students, professors, intellectuals, clergymen and reformers joined his movement.

-King turned his attention to the issue that he felt was directly related to the Vietnam struggle: poverty. He called for a guaranteed family income, he threatened national boycotts, and he spoke of disrupting entire cities by nonviolent “camp-ins”

-He began to plan a massive march of the poor on Washington, D.C., he knew & explained that such intensity this size would have Congress recognize and deal with the huge number of desperate and downtrodden Americans.

-King interrupted these plans to help & give his support to the Memphis sanitation men’s strike. He wanted to discourage violence, and he wanted to focus national attention on the plight of the poor (unorganized workers of the city) They were bargaining for basic union representation and long-overdue raises.

-But he never got back to his poverty plans. On April 4, 1968, King was shot in the neck by a rifle bullet while standing on the balcony of the black-owned Lorraine Hotel just off Beale Street. He was standing outside with Jesse Jackson and Ralph Abernathy. His death caused a wave of violence in major cities across the country.

-King’s legacy lives on. In 1969, his widow, Coretta Scott King, organized the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Non-Violent Social Change. Today it stands next to his beloved Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta.

-His birthday, Jan. 16, is a national holiday, celebrated each year with educational programs, artistic displays, and concerts throughout the United States.

The Lorraine Hotel where he was shot is now the National Civil Rights Museum.

Martin Luther King Jr. Quotes

A man who won’t die for something is not fit to live.

A nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual doom.

Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.

Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.

Faith is taking the first step even when you don’t see the whole staircase.

Have we not come to such an impasse in the modern world that we must love our enemies – or else? The chain reaction of evil – hate begetting hate, wars producing more wars – must be broken, or else we shall be plunged into the dark abyss of annihilation.

History will have to record that the greatest tragedy of this period of social transition was not the strident clamor of the bad people, but the appalling silence of the good people.

Human progress is neither automatic nor inevitable… Every step toward the goal of justice requires sacrifice, suffering, and struggle; the tireless exertions and passionate concern of dedicated individuals.

Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. I can never be what I ought to be until you are what you ought to be. This is the interrelated structure of reality.

I have decided to stick with love. Hate is too great a burden to bear.

Whatever your life’s work is, do it well. A man should do his job so well that the living, the dead, and the unborn could do it no better.

When you are right you cannot be too radical; when you are wrong, you cannot be too conservative.

The Negro needs the white man to free him from his fears. The white man needs the Negro to free him from his guilt.

That old law about ‘an eye for an eye’ leaves everybody blind. The time is always right to do the right thing.

I just want to do God’s will. And he’s allowed me to go to the mountain. And I’ve looked over, and I’ve seen the promised land! I may not get there with you, but I want you to know tonight that we as a people will get to the promised land.

I look to a day when people will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.

Nothing in all the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.

I refuse to accept the view that mankind is so tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war that the bright daybreak of peace and brotherhood can never become a reality… I believe that unarmed truth and unconditional love will have the final word.

I want to be the white man’s brother, not his brother-in-law.

If physical death is the price that I must pay to free my white brothers and sisters from a permanent death of the spirit, then nothing can be more redemptive.

 

I Have A Dream Quotes….

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made straight and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together.

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit together at the table of brotherhood.

 

 

Happy Birthday Martin Luther King Jr.!!!

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